Russia’s State Duma passes bill on child adoption by HIV positives in first reading
MOSCOW, April 2 (RAPSI) – The lower house of Russian parliament passed a bill allowing individuals infected with HIV or Hepatitis C to adopt children in certain circumstances in the first reading on Tuesday, a statement published on the State Duma official website reads.
The initiative was submitted to the State Duma by the government in December.
According to the draft law, courts may make an exception to the rule prohibiting adoption by infected individuals if due to emergent circumstances children already live with them. It was noted that the bill applies to all diseases that ban adoption listed in a special registry.
The registry was established by Russian government in 2013 and lists infectious diseases that make it impossible for a person to adopt or assume legal guardianship of a child unless medical supervision is terminated due to a persistent remission.
The bill has been prepared in accordance with the Constitutional Court’s ruling issued in June 2018. The court held that although restrictions are justified there is no option to take into account all the necessary circumstances. For example, if a child already lives in a family of a citizen planning to adopt this child, an adoption would only legally confirm the existing paternal relationship without increasing risks of infection.